What Do Honey Bees Eat?

For honey bees to produce honey, they consume pollen and nectar from a variety of flowers. Honey bees are attracted to gardens and fields that offer a variety of flowering vegetation. In addition, they need water. Kim Flottum, editor of the Bee Culture magazine, writes in his book The Backyard Beekeeper: An Absolute Beginner’s Guide to Keeping Bees in Your Yard and Garden, “A summer colony needs at least a quart (liter) of water every day, and even more when it’s warm.” In this brief fact sheet, learn more about what bees need to survive and how a colony, its queen, workers bees, and drones, function together.