Family Activity: Trees as Habitats

Trees as habitats woodpeckers

From their leafy branches to their tangled roots, trees provide a habitat for a host of plants and animals.

In this activity, children will inventory the plants and animals that live in, on, and around trees and discover how plants and animals depend on trees in many ways.

Doing the Activity

Where do you live?

A habitat is the place where a plant or animal can get all the things it needs to survive.

The next time you pass by a tree, think of it as a habitat, or living space.

While observing a tree, have children learn about the different ways plants and animals can find food, water, shelter, and living space by asking:

  • What are some plants and animals that depend on trees?
  • What do trees provide for these plants and animals?
  • Can you see signs of life on the trunk, branches, roots, and leaves? (Have children look on the ground around the tree for fallen leaves, twigs, bark, seeds, fruits, or nuts.)
  • How is a tree affected by the plants and animals that live on it? (they may benefit, harm, or be neutral to the tree)


If possible, allow children to use hand lenses or binoculars to get a closer look.

Ask them to use their sense of hearing to locate more plants and animals.

Finally, compare a tree to your own home, or habitat. How are they alike or different?

Owl and SquirrelDid You Know?

Even snags, or standing dead trees, provide habitat for a number of different species.

  • Tree frogs and beetles live under a snag’s bark.
  • Woodpeckers and other birds feed on the insects that live in snags.
  • Chickadees nest in cavities created by woodpeckers.
  • Squirrels and deer mice store food in them. 


Children’s Book Recommendation

Conduct a read-aloud with young children using Goodnight, Owl! by Pat Hutchins.

For a children’s story about how a cactus provides habitat for desert wildlife, check out Cactus Hotel by Brenda Guiberson.


Download this Activity

Descarga la actividad en español: Los árboles como hábitats


Get the Full Activity

This family activity is adapted from Project Learning Tree’s Explore Your Environment: K-8 Activity Guide and our PreK-8 Environmental Education Activity Guide which can be obtained from PLT’s Shop or in conjunction with an in-person professional development workshop or online course.


A Collection of Fun, Easy to Do Outdoor Activities for Families

Our 58-page guide contains 36 family activities to try while visiting a local park, walking in the forest, or exploring your backyard—plus activities to do around your home and indoors, when you can’t get outside.


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